120,000 people were able to cast their vote in the just-concluded primary election in Thailand. Out of this number, some exercised their franchise using a mobile application that is based on Blockchain Technology. Therefore, their votes were stored on Blockchain and were later decrypted using multiple private keys to ascertain who the winner is.
Mobile App Stores User IDs and Votes on Blockchain
A mobile app was used during the election, and it was able to store votes on a platform based on the Zcoin Blockchain. Before a user could use the e-voting platform, they were required to submit a photo ID as a means of verification. This identification was tied to their votes before being stored on an InterPlanetary File System (IPFS).
The IPFS is a file system whose nodes can secure hashed files on the Blockchain. It is not centrally controlled, but it can store large volumes of data at a time. This data was then encrypted, and a multi-sig key was created with the use of Shamir’s Secret Sharing Scheme. The key ensures that more than one private keys are provided before the stored data can be accessed.
First Ever E-voting Conducted With Blockchain
Between November 1st to the 9th, this South-east Asian country began its primaries that will finally lead to a selection of a leader in the 2019 general election. This is an election that will commence five years after the last one which was held in 2014. Unlike the latter, this one has tried to meet the trends in technology by incorporating Blockchain.
On that note, Thailand’s Democrat Party is the first political party to employ this platform for its election process. Poramin Insom, the founder of Zcoin, responded that he is proud of Blockchain’s role in Thailand. He also noted that this was the first electronic voting system in the country and it was able to bring about greater participation and transparency.
Moving forward, the Catalan government which has shown interest in using the blockchain in conducting its general election soon. If this happens, the country will be adding to several others which have succeeded in holding elections using the blockchain.
Thailand Rap Song Also Stored on Blockchain
In a recent event, a song ‘Rap Against Dictatorship’ made by a group in Thailand was stored on Blockchain. In comparison with the election, this is the first time something of this nature happened. The Government was going to censor the song before an unknown individual uploaded it to the Zcoin platform. Therefore, it may have stopped being broadcast by the media, but it is not entirely inaccessible.
West Virginia county in the US also used Blockchain technology to conduct its 2018 General election. Here, the Voatz system was used to allow citizens resident abroad to cast their vote from a mobile app. Through the use of a Government Issued ID, fingerprint, and facial ID verification, these citizens were able to vote.